Sebastian Kappen S.J. (1924 – 1993), an Indian Jesuit theologian, doctored in 1961 from the Gregorian University, Rome, with a thesis on ‘Praxis and Religious Alienation according to the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of Marx’. His subsequent studies had been geared to the requirements of transformation social action in India. This led him to an investigation into the liberative and humanizing potential of the original teaching of the historical Jesus as well as of India religious traditions, particularly the tradition of dissent represented by the Buddha and the medieval Bhakti Movement. He wrote and lectured extensively on the cultural restructuring of Indian society.